Indica vs. Sativa: Understanding The Differences

By: Captain Sunshine


Indica and sativa are the cultural norms of cannabis. Old school genetics you can tell apart by observing the leaf.

Cannabis is ancient, Jesus Christ ancient, Noah ancient, Enoch ancient, Neanderthal ancient, Cro-Magnom man ancient, dinosaur ancient.  Yeah, you understand now.  Research and excavation shows us cultivation dates thousands of years into human history.  In kind, so is alcohol.  Cool huh.

The “modern” cannabis era recognizes Cannabis sativa and Cannabis indica. Genetic alteration, mating, accidents, mad science, medical science, and the multi verse have cross-breeding resulting in hybrid strains with unique characteristics.  Each new generation has super powers, properties, magic, science, heralding new information and data, and new experiences.

Whereupon, sativa and indica have much debate, among scientists, the online community, the matrix. If God chimes in I’m sure she says sativa and indica cannabis plants are yin and yang, distinct, expansive, inpansive in a multitude of ways. I hope I made up the word “inpansive.”  Shakespeare claims five thousand new words.

Don’t look at me, or okay, go ahead because I’m beautiful

Observation of the physical characteristics is known as morphology.


She has long legs, long arms, beautifully narrow hands, and captivates your cerebral cortex. Hello love, what’s your name, nice to meet you Sativa. She’s the kind who likes to be indoors, flourishes in a wet hydroponic setting, and gets raw in the veganic environment.  Nourishes yoga activity and connecting with the third eye.  Be mindful, those without appropriate spiritual training, Jedi training, science training, emotional intelligence, or atheist training, per chance a recessive gene may experience psychosis.  Fear not, psychosis can be overcome with neuroplasticity.  Indeed, the likelihood is likely less than 5 percent.

You know Sativas beauty and denial.  Uplift your spirit, your will, your enthusiasm for life, restore your mind, restore your courage, restore your strength, you renew your being and unlock your purpose.  You will not sleep, your mind will be in motion, you will break or you will be one.  The sativa oracle is best spoken to during the day.  Use is for socialization, parties, and engaging in active experiences.  Sativas activate cerebral affects, pre frontal affects, potentially the basal ganglia, and hippocampus.

Popular Sativa strains include: Sour Diesel, Maui Wowie, Jack Herer, Durban Poison, Green Crack, Super Silver Haze, Lemon Haze, and Strawberry Cough.


New experience, dense, shorter than another, strong hands, can grip your muscles and work your body deep.  Where have you been to work out my knots, my pain, my hypertension, insomnia, automatic thoughts, and mitigate vagus channels one and two.  You’re a dank queen hypnotizing of my being melting me into the 7th chakra and higher, or lower.  Your beauty is strong enough to endure the turbulence of the Earth and Sun, and the nature of the moon.  Ease my existence until I am ready once again.  Indica, she grows outdoors with grace and indoors with exotic beauty.

Indica, her independence, will regulate your experience, she may dominate you.  She may envelope you in a body blanket, snuggle your being, embrace your flesh, and captivate the whole body.  She may nurture your eye lids, slow your mind, and rest.

There is not data.  There is no quantitative science, or data, besides qualitative science, experience and personal observation.

Indica strains include: LA Confidential, Northern Lights, Blueberry, Purple Kush, Granddaddy Purple, Master Kush, Grape Ape, and Blue Cheese.

French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785 distinguishes the original classification of Cannabis Indica.  Lamarck observes certain cannabis plants originating from India intoxicate the mind and can receive refinement to make hashish. Whereas, traditional hemp plants, known in Europe, attribute no  thinking mind-altering reality effect.

Cannabis indica is Dr. Lamark’s way to classify European hemp to Indian cannabis. European hemp believes to claim through mythos origination of cbd and medical properties. Furthermore, Indian cannabis contains the spiritual property of THC, promoting enlightenment.  During the era of the East Indian Company cannabis Indica claim her therapeutic beauty to the anglo culture.

He came up with the name Cannabis indica to distinguish Indian cannabis from European hemp, which was known at the time as Cannabis sativa. Likewise, Cannabis indica was specifically recognized as a therapeutic in Western medicine during the 1800s


Scientists studying characteristics of sativa and indica develop numerous hypothesis into theories. A prevailing theory highlights genetic production of CBD and THC.

Cannabis expresses genetic codes with synthase enzymes which are responsible for high levels of THC. THCS synthase enzyme converts Cannabigerol (CBG) into Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA), and when experiences heat produces THC. The acidic version of Cannabigerol (CBG) is Cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). Cannabigerolic acid breaks down with synthase enzymes into more acidic cannabinoids, CBCA, CBDA, and THCA.

Your neurotransmitters with CB1 and CB2 receptors respond to Cannabigerol (CBG) binding to your CB1 and CB2 neurotransmitters.  There is no specific scientific classification, yet you commonly know this experience through what people call an indica.

Additionally, cannabis plants express genetic codes producing  a CBDA synthase enzyme . The precursor for  CBD  requires enzyme convert CBG into CBDA. Cultural norms see these cannabis plants as Sativa.

On cultural norms and current trends in science hypothesis sativa plants have high CBD:THC ratios and indica plants have high THC:CBD ratios.  The challenge today are hydribs and breeding where each strains produces unique amounts of enzymes. I like other researchers believe hybridizs alter gene profiles and changing cbd and thc quantities.

Whereas, another perspective and hypothesis is on the basis of geographic origin. Myth, fairytales, and words of the ancients suggest a common Cannabis species originate within central Asia before distinguishing distinct sativa and indica genetics.  Further attempts to distinguish indica alongside sativa integrate genetic hypothesis and geographical hypothesis. The unicorn Cannabis ruderalis suggest further study and data.